- Chinese name: 海南霸王岭国家级自然保护 Hǎinán bàwáng lǐng guójiā jí zìrán bǎohù qū
- Location: Changjiang County (昌江县)
- Main object of protection: Black crested gibbon and habitat
- Area (ha): 29,980
Bawangling National Forest Park is located in the southwest of Hainan in Changjiang County. It is one of the best preserved tropical forests in Hainan.
They are said to be over 365 kinds of animal species, including rare animals such as the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon, clouded leopard, black bear, deer, and monitor lizards. It is one of the few remaining homes of the black crested gibbon on earth.
The Hainan Gibbon is considered to be the world's rarest ape. Numbers are around 20-30. But there is still hope for the Hainan Gibbon； according to this article the population is increasing http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/blogs/newfound-family-offers-hope-earths-rarest-ape (2015).
Back in 2003 Seacology.org (a nonprofit organisation) started a program to protect the Hainan Gibbons at Bawangling Reserve. They persuaded local villages to protect the Gibbon habitat by offering scholarships to village children. Find out more info on their website: http://www.seacology.org/project/96-china/.
Pictures of a very old tree in the Bawang park:
Within the vicinity of the national park are some other points of interest:
Emperor cave (皇帝洞 Huángdì dòng) & Wangxia Underground Palace (王下地下宫 Wángxià dìxià gōng)
Emperor cave is a large limestone cave, 60 kilometers from the county capital Changjiang. Extending from west to east, the entrance is 60 meters wide, about 130 meters deep, 25 meters high, covering about 7,800 square meters. It can accommodate thousands of people. Inside the cave are colorful stalactites and shapes. Archaeological experts have collected Neolithic artifacts from inside the cave, some are displayed at the Hainan Museum in Haikou. Outside, the cave is surrounded by mountains, range upon range of peaks, and the Nanyao river. The Underground Palace is also a karst cave with strange stalactite shapes and colours.
Pictures of Emperor cave and the Underground Palace:
Nanyao River (南尧河 Nányáo hé)
The second largest tributary of the important Changhua River. Length of 41 kilometers, drainage area of 371 square kilometers, with a total drop of 1347 meters. Nanyao river is very scenic because it runs through a karst valley (hence the abundance of caves in the area). Part of the river is known locally as 'Mural Corridor' (十画长廊) because of the colourful karst cliffs towering over the river.
Pictures of the Nanyao River and the Hongshui Village which is a few kilometers up the river from the Emperor cave:
View from the road to Wangxia Village, looking towards the Daguangba Reservoir:
Here is a photo diary of a 4 day walking adventure through Nanyao River (南尧河 Nányáo hé), Emperor cave (皇帝洞 Huángdì dòng), and Daguangba reservoir (大广坝段 dàguǎngbà duàn). It is divided into 4 sections. Contains many nice photos that give you a good idea about the area. http://www.tianya.cn/techforum/Content/176/541290.shtml
Qicha Township Kapok Trees (七叉乡木棉 Qīcha xiāng Mùmián)
Qicha Township is just west of the national park and has many farm terraces and Kopok trees. Kapok, or Ceiba pentandra, is an emergent tree of tropical rainforests. It can grow up to 70m tall. It flowers red and orange in the spring.
Qicha Hotspring (七叉温泉)
From Changjiang head to Qicha Town. About 1 m after the fork in the road you can school the secondary school. About 50m further down on the right is a 40sqm outdoor pond. The natural spring may not be clean or suitable for use.
Also in Chanjiang County is Changhua Ridge 昌化岭 and Qizi Bay 棋子湾, on the west coast.
Changjiang news portal (Chinese): http://changjiang.hinews.cn